• 22 декабря 2014 Christmas time
    Christmas time
    Christmas time

    This week we are celebrating Christmas time!

     And here is some very detailed information about Christmas time and Christmas celebrations in the United Kingdom.

    Advent - (Four Sundays Before Christmas)

    Advent is not widely celebrated in England, its celebration actually originated in Germany, although in the church calendar Advent is the official start of the run up to Christmas. 

    Two traditions that have caught on in England are the Advent calendar and the Advent candle. The Advent Calendar originated in the 19th Century from the protestant area of Germany. Protestant Christian families made a chalk line for every day in December until Christmas Eve. Before long, commercial entrepreneurs started replacing the ephemeral chalk lines with printed calendars. The first known Advent Calendar is for the advent of 1851. Nowadays it is usually a thin rectangular card with 24 or 25 doors. The doors are numbered 1-24/25. Door number 1 is opened on the 1st of December, door 2 on the 2nd etc. Behind each door there is a Christmas scene (but the most popular ones have a chocolate behind each door) .

     An Advent candle often has 25 marks on it, a bit of the candle is burned down by one mark each day. In some homes, 24 candles are kept, one for each night from December 1 through Christmas eve. One candle is lit for a while on December 1, then a new candle is added each day for the 24 day period. However, it is now more common to have four candles for the four weeks before Christmas. One candle is lit on the first Sunday, two the second week and so on. The candles were often placed on a wreath upon the dining room table. Advent candles are lit in many homes, schools and churches, in England, with a final central candle lit on Christmas Day; these are often on a hanging decoration known as an "Advent Crown." They became exceedingly popular due to a children's TV programme called Blue Peter, who every year made an advent crown from old coathangers, tinsel and candles! Well, they used to use candles, but because of health and safety insanity they now give instructions using baubles - it's not really the same, but you can make an advent crown following the instructions in this pdf file.

     Christmas Eve - December 24th 

    In England less emphasis is placed on Christmas Eve than in other countries, much more is made of Christmas Day and Boxing Day. Carol singing, midnight church services and going out to the pub are some of the activities that many families enjoy (sometimes all three activities can be combined into one fun night out!). 

    Night time on Christmas Eve though is a very exciting time for young children. It is the time when Santa or Father Christmas comes. They hang up their stockings and go to sleep. Santa and his elves make all the toys for Christmas in his home in Greenland. On Christmas Eve he piles all of the toys onto his sleigh and rides across the sky with his 9 reindeer (Dasher, Dancer, Prancer, Vixen, Comet, Cupid, Donner (or it may be Donder), Blitzen and of course ... Rudolf!). The most famous one is Rudolf the who is always the one at the front, to lead the way with his red nose. In the morning when the children wake up they open their stocking presents. Traditionally on Christmas Eve mince pies and sherry (or milk) are left out for Santa and nowadays carrots are left for his reindeer. Most children are in bed way before midnight waiting for Santa to visit. 

    Christmas Day 

    The origins of the now traditional Christmas Celebration, distinct from earlier pagan winter holidays, date to sixth century England. By the middle ages, it was a well established important holiday, with traditional pageantry, customs, music and feasting all its own. Customs from pre Christian days were incorporated into the Celebrations, and many still remain. 

    However in 1647, the English parliament passed a law that made Christmas illegal, all festivities were banned by the Puritan leader Oliver Cromwell, who considered feasting and revelry on what was supposed to be a holy day to be immoral. The ban was lifted only when Cromwell lost power in 1660.

    In Britain, the Holy Days and Fasting Days Act of 1551 (which has not yet been repealed) states that every citizen must attend a Christian church service on Christmas Day, and must not use any kind of vehicle to get to the service There are a large number of Britons who break this law every year. The law may have been intended to encourage humility by forcing even the wealthy to attend the church on foot, or perhaps it was simply to avoid the traffic and parking crush that universal attendance would otherwise have brought about. 

    Later, during Queen Victoria's reign, Christmas became a time for gift giving, and a special season for children. 

    Nowadays, according to research by, of all things, Jarlsberg cheese, the average family gets out of bed just before 8am and is ready to start opening presents by 8.19am. Once the wrapping paper has been torn off all the presents, the family sits down to breakfast at 9.02am, but not before they have tucked into a bit of chocolate at 8.39am. 

    13 per cent of families always attend church on Christmas Day. 

    Unfortunately all the excitement and stress means that at precisely 9.58 on Christmas morning the first rows begin, and the average parent ends up losing it, and they start to tell off their children for the first time around 11.07am. 

    The strain of cooking the big Christmas dinner sees the average Brit start to sip their first alcoholic drink at 11.48am. 

    27 per cent of families sit down to watch the Queen’s Speech. 

    Dinner is finally served at 3.24pm, with 85 per cent of people enjoying the traditional turkey with all the trimmings. 

    All that food and drink means the first person falls asleep at around 4.58pm, with dad being the leader in losing the "staying awake" battle. Almost half of those who do nod off end up annoying the others with their loud snoring. For those who manage to stay awake, family board games are brought out at 5.46pm. 

    38 per cent of families think that spending time with the family is the best thing about Christmas Day. 

    And lights out? 11.39pm. 

    The Queen's Message

     One Christmas ritual not drawn from an ancient tradition is the British monarch's broadcast on Christmas day. The tradition began in 1932 when King George V read a special speech written by Rudyard Kipling. The broadcast was an enormous success . It began, "I speak now from my home and from my heart, to you all...". 

    Queen Elizabeth II continues the tradition to this day. Every year she broadcasts her message on Christmas Day, and it is heard by millions of people all over the world. In England most people watch or listen to it whilst digesting their Christmas Dinner! 

    Boxing Day - December 26th 

    In England Boxing Day celebrated on December 26th, is traditionally a time to give gifts to tradesmen, servants, and friends. 

    It originated in medieval times, when every priest was supposed to empty the alms box of his church and distribute gifts to the poor. Wealthy people indulged in huge Christmas feasts, and when they were finished, packed up the remains of feasts in boxes and gave them out to their servants. It didn't become widely celebrated though until Victorian England. 

    In Ireland there is an Irish custom called "feeding the wren". The custom is based on a legend of St. Stephen. Once he was forced to hide in a bush, but a chattering wren gave him away. In the past Children caged the wren to help it do penance for this misdeed. Nowadays children carry a long pole with a holly bush at the top - which is supposed to hide a captured wren. 

    In the UK Boxing Day is still a public holiday, some shops and supermarkets open nowadays, but banks and most offices remain closed. 

    The Twelve Days of Christmas - December 26th to January 6th

    The sixteenth century saw England first officially celebrate the Twelve Days of Christmas. Shakespeare's Twelfth Night premiered in the first year of the seventeenth century, in a performance at the court of Elizabeth the First.

    Advent is usually solemn and religious in spirit, while Saint Steven's Day marks the beginning of the twelve days of Christmas, a light hearted time given over to merry making and fun. It is a holiday of heart-warming homecoming and family gatherings, with candles glowing in the windows as a sign of welcome.

    During the ancient 12-day Christmas celebration, it was considered unlucky to let the log in the fireplace stop burning. This log was called the Yule log and would be used to light the fire in New Year, to ensure that good luck carried on from year to year. The Yule Log custom was handed down from the Druids, but with the advent of gas and electric fires it is rarely observed nowadays.

    Another custom in medieval times, was to hide a dried bean in a cake, the cake was then eaten on Twelfth Night (January 6), during the most boisterous party of the year. The finder of the bean became "King of the Bean" and ruled the party for the night.

    Another eating myth is that for every mince pie you eat over the 12 days of Christmas you will have a month of good luck the following year!

    However, according to A Celebration and History(ISBN 0-679-74038-4), by Leigh Grant, the written lyrics to "The Twelve Days of Christmas" first appeared in Mirth without Mischief in the early 1780s in England. Grant states that the tune to which these words are sung apparently dates back much further and came from France. Mirth without Mischief describes "The Twelve Days of Christmas" as a type of memory game played by children at that time. A leader recited the first verse, the next child recited the second verse, and so on until someone missed a verse and had to pay some kind of penalty in the game. There was no religious significance. At anyrate the popular urban myth makes a good story... at least as good as the song itself, so here is a slice of urban myth culture for you: A very famous song about this time of year is "The Twelve Days of Christmas", which has a very interesting history. During the period 1558 to 1829 Catholics in England were prohibited from any practice of their faith by law - private or public. It was a crime to be a Catholic. Some people say that the song was written to help young Catholics learn the tenets of their faith during that period when to be caught with anything in 'writing' indicating adherence to the Catholic faith could not only get you imprisoned, but could also get you hanged, drawn and quartered! The song's gifts are allegedly hidden meanings to the teachings of the faith. "True Love" mentioned refers to God. "Me" refers to every baptized person, here are the other lyrics and their other hidden meanings.  However, some people say this is an Urban Myth, but you can make your own mind up.


  • 14 декабря 2014 Ludwig Van Beethoven's Birthday
    Ludwig Van Beethoven's Birthday
    Ludwig Van Beethoven's Birthday

    This week we are celebrating Ludwig Van Beethoven's Birthday!

    German composer Ludwig van Beethoven is considered one of the most important figures in the history of music. He continued to compose even while losing his hearing and created some of his greatest works after becoming totally deaf.

    Early years in Bonn

    Ludwig van Beethoven was born in Bonn, Germany, on December 16, 1770. He was the eldest of three children of Johann and Maria Magdalena van Beethoven. His father, a musician who liked to drink, taught him to play piano and violin. Young Ludwig was often pulled out of bed in the middle of the night and ordered to perform for his father's drinking companions, suffering beatings if he protested. As Beethoven developed, it became clear that to reach artistic maturity he would have to leave Bonn for a major musical center.

    At the age of twelve Beethoven was a promising keyboard player and a talented pupil in composition of the court organist Christian Gottlob Neefe (1748–1798). He even filled in as church organist when Neefe was out of town. In 1783 Beethoven's first published work, a set of keyboard pieces, appeared, and in the 1780s he produced portions of a number of later works. In 1787 he traveled to Vienna, Austria, apparently to seek out Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756–1791) as a teacher. He was forced to return to Bonn to care for his ailing mother, who died several months later. His father died in 1792.

    Years in Vienna

    In 1792 Beethoven went back to Vienna to study with the famous composer Joseph Haydn (1732–1809). Beethoven was not totally satisfied with Haydn's teaching, though, and he turned to musicians of lesser talent for extra instruction. Beethoven rapidly proceeded to make his mark as a brilliant keyboard performer and as a gifted young composer with a number of works to his credit. In 1795 his first mature published works appeared, and his career was officially launched.

    Beethoven lived in Vienna from 1792 to his death in 1827, unmarried, among a circle of friends, independent of any kind of official position or private service. He rarely traveled, apart from summers in the countryside. In 1796 he made a trip to northern Germany, where his schedule included a visit to the court of King Frederick William of Prussia, an amateur cellist. Later Beethoven made several trips to Budapest, Hungary. In 1808 Beethoven received an invitation to become music director at Kassel, Germany. This alarmed several of his wealthy Viennese friends, who formed a group of backers and agreed to guarantee Beethoven an annual salary of 1,400 florins to keep him in Vienna. He thus became one of the first musicians in history to be able to live independently on his music salary.

    Personal and professional problems

    Although publishers sought out Beethoven and he was an able manager of his own business affairs, he was at the mercy of the crooked publishing practices of his time. Publishers paid a fee to composers for rights to their works, but there was no system of copyrights (the exclusive right to sell and copy a published work) or royalties (profits based on public performances of the material) at the time. As each new work appeared, Beethoven sold it to one or more of the best and most reliable publishers. But this initial payment was all he would receive, and both he and his publisher had to contend with rival publishers who brought out editions of their own. As a result Beethoven saw his works published in many different versions that were unauthorized, unchecked, and often inaccurate. Several times during his life in Vienna Beethoven started plans for a complete, authorized edition of his works, but these plans were never realized.

    Beethoven's two main personal problems, especially in later life, were his deafness and his relationship with his nephew, Karl. Beethoven began to lose his hearing during his early years in Vienna, and the condition gradually grew worse. So severe was the problem that as early as 1802 he actually considered suicide. In 1815 he gave up hope of performing publicly as a pianist. After 1818 he was no longer able to carry on conversations with visitors, who were forced to communicate with him in writing. The second problem arose when he became Karl's guardian upon the death of his brother in 1815. Karl proved to be unstable and a continuing source of worry to an already troubled man.

    Beethoven's deafness and his temper contributed to his reputation as an unpleasant personality. But reliable accounts and a careful reading of Beethoven's letters reveal him to be a powerful and self-conscious man, totally involved in his creative work but alert to its practical side as well, and one who is sometimes willing to change to meet current demands. For example, he wrote some works on commission, such as his cantata (a narrative poem set to music) for the Congress of Vienna, 1814.

    Examining Beethoven

    Beethoven's deafness affected his social life, and it must have changed his personality deeply. In any event, his development as an artist would probably have caused a crisis in his relationship to the musical and social life of the time sooner or later. In his early years he wrote as a pianist-composer for an immediate and receptive public; in his last years he wrote for himself. Common in Beethoven biographies is the focus on Beethoven's awareness of current events and ideas, especially his attachment to the ideals of the French Revolution (1789–99; the revolt of the French middle class to end absolute power by French kings) and his faith in the brotherhood of men, as expressed in his lifelong goal of composing a version of "Ode to Joy," by Friedrich Schiller (1759–1805), realized at last in the Ninth Symphony. Also frequently mentioned is his genuine love of nature and outdoor life.

    No one had ever heard anything like Beethoven's last works; they were too advanced for audiences and even professional musicians for some time after his death in 1827. Beethoven was aware of this. It seems, however, he expected later audiences to have a greater understanding of and appreciation for them. Beethoven reportedly told a visitor who was confused by some of his later pieces, "They are not for you but for a later age."

  • 07 декабря 2014 Roller Skates Patented
    Roller Skates Patented
    Roller Skates Patented

    This week we are celebrating Roller Skates Patented Day.

    Levant Richardson first to put steel ball bearings into a skate, patenton 9th of December 1884 and a whole new skating craze was born.

    The four-wheeled turning roller skate, or quad skate, with four wheels set in two side-by-side pairs, was first designed in 1863 in New York City by James Leonard Plimpton in an attempt to improve previous designs. The skate contained a pivoting action using a rubber cushion, and this allowed the skater to skate a curve just by leaning to one side. qIt was a huge success, so much so that the first public skating rink was opened in 1866 in Newport, Rhode Island with the support of Plimpton. The design of the quad skate allowed easier turns and maneuverability. The quad skate came to dominate the industry for more than a century.

    Arguably, the most important advance in the realistic use of roller skates as a pleasurable pastime took place in Birmingham, England in 1876 when William Bown patented a design for the wheels of roller skates. Bown's design embodied his effort to keep the two bearing surfaces of an axle, fixed and moving, apart. Bown worked closely with Joseph Henry Hughes, who drew up the patent for a ball or roller bearing race for bicycle and carriage wheels in 1877. Hughes' patent included all the elements of an adjustable system. These two men are responsible for modern day roller skate and skateboard wheels, as well as the ball bearing race inclusion in velocipedes — later to become motorbikes and automobiles.

    Another improvement came in 1876, when the toe stop was first patented. This provided skaters with the ability to stop promptly upon tipping the skate onto the toe. Toe stops are still used today on most quad skates and on some types of inline skates.

    Roller skates were being mass-produced in America as early as the 1880s, the first of the sport's several boom periods. Micajah C. Henley of Richmond, Indiana produced thousands of skates every week during peak sales. Henley skates were the first skate with adjustable tension via a screw, the ancestor of the kingbolt mechanism on modern quad skates.

    In 1884 Levant M. Richardson received a patent for the use of steel ball bearings in skate wheels so as to reduce friction. This also allowed skaters to increase speed with minimum effort. In 1898, Richardson started the Richardson Ball Bearing and Skate Company, which provided skates to most professional skate racers of the time, including Harley Davidson (no relation to the Harley-Davidson motorcycle brand).

    The design of the quad skate has remained essentially unchanged since then, and in fact remained as the dominant roller skate design until nearly the end of the 20th century.

  • Краснознаменск 04 декабря 2014 Китайский язык в г. Звенигород
    Китайский язык в г. Звенигород
    Китайский язык в г. Звенигород





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    Более подробную  информацию вы можете узнать в нашем офисе по адресу: г. Звенигород, ул. Московская, д.11,КЦ им. Любови Орловой

    и по телефону:+7 (909) 941-76-21.

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  • 30 ноября 2014 Walt Disney's Birthday
    Walt Disney's Birthday
    Walt Disney's Birthday

    Happy 110th Birthday, Walt Disney!

    The American film producer, animation innovator and co-founder of Wald Disney Productions would have celebrated his 110th birthday Monday. Best known for his imaginative animation ideas and for his determination to make a creative theme park, Disney was one of the most influential American entertainers in the twentieth century.

    After spending a year as an ambulance driver in France during World War 1, Disney returned to America with the hope of being an artist. He started a career as a newspaper artist, drawing political cartoon, caricatures and comic strips. When he was unsuccessful at selling his cartoons, he worked temporarily at his brother Roy's bank creating advertisement for movie theaters, banks and magazines.

    In 1920, Disney and a fellow cartoonist, Ubbe Iwerks, started their own commercial artists company, but when the pair ran out of money, Disney joined the Kansas City Film Ad Company where he first became interested in animation. He borrowed a camera from the company and experimented with drawings at home.

    Disney briefly presented cartoons as Newman Laugh-O-Grams, but the studio made very little profits. Disney and his brother Roy moved to Hollywood in the early 1920s to set up a cartoon studio for Walt's Alice Comedies, a series of cartoons based on Alice's Wonderland. The Disney Brothers' Studio was born. The series ended in 1927, but Disney had begun a career as an animator with his following series Julius, who resembled Felix the Cat.

    During a train ride between New York and Hollywood in the late 1920s, Disney invented a character to capture his company - Mickey Mouse. Disney himself provided the original voice for the character until 1947. The mouse was originally named Mortimer, but was replaced with Mickey because Disney's wife thought it was more fitting. By 1930, Mickey Mouse had become the world's most popular cartoon.

    Following his success with a number of short series featuring Mickey Mouse, Disney helped usher in the the golden age of animation. Disney oversaw the production of Snow White, Pinocchio, Fantasia, Bambi, Alice in Wonderland, Peter Pan and Wind in the Willows in the late 1930s.

    In the late 1940s, Disney drew sketches for his plan of an amusement park where he thought employees could spend time with their children. Disney spent five years working on plans for Disneyland and the first theme park was opened on July 18, 1955.

    At the opening, Disney dedicated the park, stating:

    To all who come to this happy place; welcome. Disneyland is your land. Here age relives fond memories of the past .... and here youth may savor the challenge and promise of the future. Disneyland is dedicated to the ideals, the dreams and the hard facts that have created America ... with the hope that it will be a source of joy and inspiration to all the world.

    The late 1950s and early 1960s marked an era of expansion for the Disney Company. However, Walt Disney passed away at age 65 from lung cancer on Dec. 15, 1966. Nonetheless, the entrepreneur's dreams for his company and the world of animation have continued long after his death.

    We took a look at 18 of his most inspirational quotes that still resonate with dreamers and movie-lovers today.

    18. We keep moving forward, opening new doors, and doing new things, because we're curious and curiosity keeps leading us down new paths.

    17. You can design and create, and build the most wonderful place in the world. But it takes people to make the dream a reality.

    16. All our dreams can come true, if we have the courage to pursue them.

    15. Animation can explain whatever the mind of man can conceive. This facility makes it the most versatile and explicit means of communication yet devised for quick mass appreciation.

    14. Disneyland is a work of love. We didn't go into Disneyland just with the idea of making money.

    13. I love Mickey Mouse more than any woman I have ever known.

    12. Disneyland will never be completed. It will continue to grow as long as there is imagination left in the world.

    11. I only hope that we don't lose sight of one thing - that it was all started by a mouse.

    10. I would rather entertain and hope that people learned something than educate people and hope they were entertained.

    9. I'd say it's been my biggest problem all my life... it's money. It takes a lot of money to make these dreams come true.

    8. It's kind of fun to do the impossible.

    7. Laughter is America's most important export.

    6. Mickey Mouse popped out of my mind onto a drawing pad 20 years ago on a train ride from Manhattan to Hollywood at a time when business fortunes of my brother Roy and myself were at lowest ebb and disaster seemed right around the corner.

    5. Of all of our inventions for mass communication, pictures still speak the most universally understood language.

    4. The more you like yourself, the less you are like anyone else, which makes you unique.

    3. There is more treasure in books than in all the pirate's loot on Treasure Island.

    2. We are not trying to entertain the critics. I'll take my chances with the public.

    1. You're dead if you aim only for kids. Adults are only kids grown up, anyway.


  • 24 ноября 2014 Thanksgiving Day
    Thanksgiving Day
    Thanksgiving Day

    This week we are celebrating Thanksgiving Day!

    Almost every culture in the world has held celebrations of thanks for a plentiful harvest. The American Thanksgiving holiday began as a feast of thanksgiving in the early days of the American colonies almost four hundred years ago. 

    In 1620, a boat filled with more than one hundred people sailed across the Atlantic Ocean to settle in the New World. This religious group had begun to question the beliefs of the Church of England and they wanted to separate from it. The Pilgrims settled in what is now the state of Massachusetts. Their first winter in the New World was difficult. They had arrived too late to grow many crops, and without fresh food, half the colony died from disease. The following spring the Iroquois Indians taught them how to grow corn (maize), a new food for the colonists. They showed them other crops to grow in the unfamiliar soil and how to hunt and fish. 

    In the autumn of 1621, bountiful crops of corn, barley, beans and pumpkins were harvested. The colonists had much to be thankful for, so a feast was planned. They invited the local Indian chief and90 Indians. The Indians brought deer to roast with the turkeys and other wild game offered by the colonists. The colonists had learned how to cook cranberries and different kinds of corn and squash dishes from the Indians. To this first Thanksgiving, the Indians had even brought popcorn.

    In following years, many of the original colonists celebrated the autumn harvest with a feast of thanks. After the United States became an independent country, Congress recommended one yearly day of thanksgiving for the whole nation to celebrate. George Washington suggested the date November 26 as Thanksgiving Day. Then in 1863, at the end of a long and bloody civil warAbraham Lincoln asked all Americans to set aside the last Thursday in November as a day of thanksgiving.

     The symbols of Thanksgiving

    Turkey, corn (or maize), pumpkins and cranberry sauce are symbols which represent the first Thanksgiving. Now all of these symbols are drawn on holiday decorations and greeting cards.

    The use of corn meant the survival of the colonies. "Indian corn" as a table or door decoration represents the harvest and the fall season.

    Sweet-sour cranberry sauce, or cranberry jelly, was on the first Thanksgiving table and is still served today. The cranberry is a small, sour berry. It grows in bogs, or muddy areas, in Massachusetts and other New England states. The Indians used the fruit to treat infections. They used the juice to dye their rugs and blankets. They taught the colonists how to cook the berries with sweetener and water to make a sauce. The Indians called it "ibimi" which means "bitter berry." When the colonists saw it, they named it "crane-berry" because the flowers of the berry bent the stalk over, and it resembled the long-necked bird called a crane. The berries are still grown in New England. Very few people know, however, that before the berries are put in bags to be sent to the rest of the country, each individual berry must bounce at least four inches high to make sure they are not too ripe!



  • 17 ноября 2014 Mickey Mouse's Birthday
    Mickey Mouse's Birthday
    Mickey Mouse's Birthday

    This week we are celebrating Mickey Mouse’s Birthday!

    Walt Disney's most famous cartoon creation turned 82 on Thursday. 

    Mickey’s first appearance with sound -- and the first of his films to be distributed -- was in "Steamboat Willie" on Nov. 18, 1928.  He was created by Walt Disney and Ub Iwerks at the Walt Disney Studios in 1928. An anthropomorphic mouse who typically wears red shorts, large yellow shoes, and white gloves, Mickey has become one of the most recognizable cartoon characters in the world. 

    Mickey went on to appear in over 130 films, including The Band Concert (1935), Brave Little Tailor (1938), and Fantasia (1940). He appeared primarily in short films, but also occasionally in feature-length films. Ten of Mickey's cartoons were nominated for the Academy Award for Best Animated Short Film, one of which, Lend a Paw, won the award in 1942. In 1978, Mickey became the first cartoon character to have a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. 

    Beginning in 1930, Mickey has also been featured extensively as a comic strip character. His self-titled newspaper strip, drawn primarily by Floyd Gottfredson, ran for 45 years. Mickey has also appeared in comic books and in television series such as The Mickey Mouse Club (1955–1996) and others. He also appears in other media such as video games as well as merchandising, and is a meetable character at the Disney parks. 

    Mickey generally appears alongside his girlfriend Minnie Mouse, his pet dog Pluto, his friends Donald Duck, and Goofy, and his nemesis Pete, among others (see Mickey Mouse universe). Originally characterized as a mischievous antihero, Mickey's increasing popularity led to his being rebranded as an everyman, usually seen as a flawed, but adventurous hero. In 2009, Disney began to rebrand the character again by putting less emphasis on his pleasant, cheerful side and reintroducing the more mischievous and adventurous sides of his personality, beginning with the video game Epic Mickey. 

    If you can dream it, You can do it.

    Always remember that this whole thing was started

    with a dream and a mouse

    ~ Walt Disney 

    Wish you a very Happy Birthday Dear Mickey Mouse and Thank you for bringing cheers to the life of millions!

  • 10 ноября 2014 Young Readers Day
    Young Readers Day
    Young Readers Day

    This week we are celebrating Young Readers Day!

    Young Readers Day takes place on November 11, 2014. It is celebrated each year on the second Tuesday in November. Young Readers Day is a chance to celebrate it with your children by reading to them and with them. Why not give them a new book on this day as an intelligent investment in your children future?

    Reading is a complex cognitive process of decoding symbols in order to construct or derive meaning. It is a means of language acquisition, of communication, and of sharing information and ideas. Like all language, it is a complex interaction between the text and the reader which is shaped by the reader's prior knowledge, experiences, attitude, and language community which is culturally and socially situated. 

    The reading process requires continuous practice, development, and refinement. Reading is typically an individual activity, although on occasion a person will read out loud for the benefit of other listeners. 

  • Краснознаменск 08 ноября 2014 Итоги конкурса на лучший символ "Хэллоуина"!
    Итоги конкурса на лучший символ "Хэллоуина"!
    Итоги конкурса на лучший символ "Хэллоуина"!

    Дорогие друзья!

    Спешим сообщить имена победителей в нашем конкурсе на лучший символ «Хэллоуина».

    Итак, наибольшее число голосов (лайков) набрал Лохман Кирилл.
    Второе место занял Грубов Антон.
    Третье место разделили Храмцова Даша и Топало Вита.

    Молодцы ребята, поздравляем!

    Отдельно хотим отметить работы самых первых участников конкурса: Смирновой Оли и Ряховского Степана.
    Приз «зрительских симпатий» получают Ряховсий Василий, Обухов Ярослав и Дмитриев Егор.
    Остальным участникам мы приготовили поощрительные призы!

    Спасибо всем за участие в конкурсе!

  • 05 ноября 2014 X-Ray Day
    X-Ray Day
    X-Ray Day

    This week we are celebrating X-Ray Day!

    1895: German physicist Wilhelm Roentgen is working in his laboratory in Würzburg when he accidentally discovers the X-ray.

    Roentgen was conducting experiments with a Crookes tube — basically a glass gas bulb that gives off fluorescent light when a high-voltage current is passed through it — when he noticed that the beam turned a screen 9 feet away a greenish fluorescent color, despite the tube being shielded by heavy black cardboard.

    Roentgen concluded, correctly, that he was dealing with a new kind of ray, one that cast the shadow of a solid object when passed through an opaque covering from its point of origin. Not knowing what kind of ray he was dealing with, exactly, led him to call it an X-ray. The name stuck.

    To test his discovery, Roentgen made an X-ray image of his wife Bertha’s hand, clearly showing the bones of her hand and a pretty hefty wedding ring.

    In the next couple of months, Roentgen published a paper about his discovery: “On a New Kind of Rays.” He made a presentation before the Würzburg Medical Society and X-rayed the hand of a prominent anatomist, who proposed naming the new ray after Roentgen.

    You don’t hear them called Roentgen rays much these days, but the term roentgenology is still current, and the roentgen is a radiological unit of measure.

    X-rays are no longer a mystery, but a major tool of medical diagnosis.

  • Краснознаменск 31 октября 2014 Конкурс








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  • 27 октября 2014 Happy Halloween!
    Happy Halloween!
    Happy Halloween!

    This week we are celebrating HALLOWEEN!

     Straddling the line between fall and winter, plenty and paucity, life and death, Halloween is a time of celebration and superstition. It is thought to have originated with the ancient Celtic festival of Samhain, when people would light bonfires and wear costumes to ward off roaming ghosts. In the eighth century, Pope Gregory III designated November 1 as a time to honor all saints and martyrs; the holiday, All Saints’ Day, incorporated some of the traditions of Samhain. The evening before was known as All Hallows’ Eve and later Halloween. Over time, Halloween evolved into a secular, community-based event characterized by child-friendly activities such as trick-or-treating. In a number of countries around the world, as the days grow shorter and the nights get colder, people continue to usher in the winter season with gatherings, costumes and sweet treats.


    Halloween’s origins date back to the ancient Celtic festival of Samhain (pronounced sow-in). The Celts, who lived 2,000 years ago in the area that is now Ireland, the United Kingdom and northern France, celebrated their new year on November 1. This day marked the end of summer and the harvest and the beginning of the dark, cold winter, a time of year that was often associated with human death. Celts believed that on the night before the new year, the boundary between the worlds of the living and the dead became blurred. On the night of October 31 they celebrated Samhain, when it was believed that the ghosts of the dead returned to earth. In addition to causing trouble and damaging crops, Celts thought that the presence of the otherworldly spirits made it easier for the Druids, or Celtic priests, to make predictions about the future. For a people entirely dependent on the volatile natural world, these prophecies were an important source of comfort and direction during the long, dark winter.

    To commemorate the event, Druids built huge sacred bonfires, where the people gathered to burn crops and animals as sacrifices to the Celtic deities. During the celebration, the Celts wore costumes, typically consisting of animal heads and skins, and attempted to tell each other’s fortunes. When the celebration was over, they re-lit their hearth fires, which they had extinguished earlier that evening, from the sacred bonfire to help protect them during the coming winter.


    The American Halloween tradition of “trick-or-treating” probably dates back to the early All Souls’ Day parades in England. During the festivities, poor citizens would beg for food and families would give them pastries called “soul cakes” in return for their promise to pray for the family’s dead relatives. The distribution of soul cakes was encouraged by the church as a way to replace the ancient practice of leaving food and wine for roaming spirits. The practice, which was referred to as “going a-souling” was eventually taken up by children who would visit the houses in their neighborhood and be given ale, food, and money.


    The tradition of dressing in costume for Halloween has both European and Celtic roots. Hundreds of years ago, winter was an uncertain and frightening time. Food supplies often ran low and, for the many people afraid of the dark, the short days of winter were full of constant worry. On Halloween, when it was believed that ghosts came back to the earthly world, people thought that they would encounter ghosts if they left their homes. To avoid being recognized by these ghosts, people would wear masks when they left their homes after dark so that the ghosts would mistake them for fellow spirits. On Halloween, to keep ghosts away from their houses, people would place bowls of food outside their homes to appease the ghosts and prevent them from attempting to enter.


    Bats - Bats are part of the dark, sinister side of Halloween. Bats are purported to suck the blood of victims. Bats can turn into vampires,  and vice versa.

    Black Cat - a symbol of bad luck. Don't let a black cat cross your path, or you will certainly come upon a string of bad luck. Black cats are associated with witches. Some witches are known to be able to transform to a black cat and back.

    Ghosts - They can be good ghosts or bad ghosts. They can be friendly, or terrifying. Ghosts are poor souls who have died and are trapped between this life and the next. The "in between" place is called the netherworld.

    Halloween Costumes - If you are going to a Halloween party or out to Trick or Treat, you need to dress up in a costume.  No costume, no treats. Halloween costumes can be friendly or scary, simple or elaborate. If you don't have money for a costume, be creative and make your own.

    Jack O'Lantern - also spelled Jack O Lantern. A pumpkin  becomes a Jack O'Lantern when it is carved. It's believed the Irish brought the tradition of pumpkin carving to America.

    Lighted Pumpkins - Also lighted turnips and rutabagas. Scary faces are carved into pumpkins and a candle is lit inside. They keep the evil spirits away. Read about carving turnips, the original Celtic tradition

    Pumpkins - We are proud to say that pumpkins are a huge symbol of both Fall and Halloween. They come in many shapes, sizes and colors. They look great painted, decorated, carved, or uncarved.

    Scarecrows - Not everything about Halloween is scary. Scarecrows successfully cross over between fall decorations and Halloween. They are popular in decorating for both events, and are much friendlier for young children.

    Spiders - There's something very creepy about spiders. And, don't bump into a spider web. You just might stick.

    Trick or Treat - Children go out dressed up in their Halloween costumes. They knock on doors, and say "Trick or Treat". If they do not get a treat, look out! Trick or Treat was believed to have started with boy scouts.

    Witches - Did you know witches can be good, and witches can be bad. We definitely distinguish a difference between witches of Halloween and witches of the Wiccan religion. Wiccans are nice witches. They just happen to share the same name with Halloween witches. Halloween witches are definitely evil, and can cast evil spell on people.